World War One

WW1 Frech Legion of Honour in Box RARE See Auctions Deals -NAVY VET EBAY STORE

WW1 Frech Legion of Honour in Box RARE See Auctions Deals -NAVY VET EBAY STORE
WW1 Frech Legion of Honour in Box RARE See Auctions Deals -NAVY VET EBAY STORE
WW1 Frech Legion of Honour in Box RARE See Auctions Deals -NAVY VET EBAY STORE
WW1 Frech Legion of Honour in Box RARE See Auctions Deals -NAVY VET EBAY STORE
WW1 Frech Legion of Honour in Box RARE See Auctions Deals -NAVY VET EBAY STORE
WW1 Frech Legion of Honour in Box RARE See Auctions Deals -NAVY VET EBAY STORE
WW1 Frech Legion of Honour in Box RARE See Auctions Deals -NAVY VET EBAY STORE
WW1 Frech Legion of Honour in Box RARE See Auctions Deals -NAVY VET EBAY STORE
WW1 Frech Legion of Honour in Box RARE See Auctions Deals -NAVY VET EBAY STORE
WW1 Frech Legion of Honour in Box RARE See Auctions Deals -NAVY VET EBAY STORE

WW1 Frech Legion of Honour in Box RARE See Auctions Deals -NAVY VET EBAY STORE

PLEASE FOLLOW OUR E BAY STORE. National Order of the Legion of Honour. Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur.

Current version of the Grand Cross of the order given by President. Excellent civil or military conduct delivered, upon official investigation. Royal Order of the Legion of Honour. Ordre royal de la Légion d'honneur.

It has been retained (with occasional slight alterations) by all later French governments and regimes. Palais de la Légion d'Honneur. On the left bank of the. Since 1 February 2023, the Order's grand chancellor has been retired General.

Who succeeded fellow retired General. The order is divided into five degrees of increasing distinction. Adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Find sources: "Legion of Honour". Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Were abolished and replaced with. It was the wish of. To create a reward to commend civilians and soldiers. From this wish was instituted a.

A body of men that was not an order of. For Napoleon believed that France wanted a. Rather than a new system of nobility. Did use the organization of the old French orders of chivalry, for example, the.

Bear a resemblance to those of the. Which also used a red ribbon. Napoleon originally created this award to ensure political loyalty.

The organization would be used as a façade to give political favours, gifts, and concessions. Was loosely patterned after a. The highest rank was not a Grand Cross but a.

(Grand Eagle), a rank that wore the insignia common to a Grand Cross. The members were paid, the highest of them extremely generously. 2,000 francs to a.

1,000 francs to an. Napoleon famously declared, You call these baubles, well, it is with baubles that men are led... Do you think that you would be able to make men fight by reasoning? That is good only for the scholar in his study. The soldier needs glory, distinctions, rewards.

This has been often quoted as It is with such baubles that men are led. Napoleon was also occasionally noted after a battle to ask who the bravest man in a regiment was, and upon the regiment declaring the individual, the Emperor would take the Legion d'Honneur of his own coat and pin it on the chest of the man. The order was the first modern.

Under the monarchy, such orders were often limited to Roman Catholics, all. Had to be noblemen, and military decorations were restricted to. However, was open to men of all ranks and professions; only merit or bravery counted.

The new legionnaire had to be sworn into the. All previous orders were Christian, or shared a clear Christian background, whereas the. In a decree issued on the. (30 January 1805), a grand decoration was instituted.

This decoration, a cross on a large. And a silver star with an eagle, symbol of the Napoleonic Empire, became known as the. (Grand Eagle), and later in 1814 as the.

(big sash, literally "big ribbon"). In 1804 and established the. In 1808, award of the. Gave right to the title of "Knight of the Empire".

The title was made hereditary after three generations of grantees. Napoleon had dispensed 15 golden collars of the. Among his family and his senior ministers. This collar was abolished in 1815. Although research is made difficult by the loss of the archives, it is rumoured that three women who fought with the army were decorated with the order. Was prominent and visible in the French Empire. The Emperor always wore it, and the fashion of the time allowed for decorations to be worn most of the time. Therefore declined the order; it was too common in his eyes. Napoleon's own decorations were captured by the. And were displayed in the. (armoury) in Berlin until 1945. Today, they are in Moscow. The Legion of Honour under the Empire. Investiture, 15 July 1804, at. A depiction of Napoleon making some of the first awards of the Legion of Honour, at a camp near. And Grand Eagle of the Legion of Honour. Embroidered insignia of the Legion of Honour, detail of Napoleon's uniform of colonel of the Chasseurs à cheval of the. Restoration of the Bourbon King of France in 1814. Unsourced material may be challenged and. Changed the appearance of the order, but it was not abolished. To have done so would have angered the 35,000 to 38,000 members. The images of Napoleon and his eagle were removed and replaced by the image of King.

The popular first king of the. Replaced the eagle on the reverse of the order. A king's crown replaced the imperial crown.

In 1816, the grand cordons were renamed grand crosses and the legionnaires became knights. The king decreed that the commandants were now commanders.

Became the second-ranking order of knighthood of the French monarchy, after the. Order of the Holy Spirit. King of the French, wearing the sash and star of the Grand Cross, as well as the Officers Cross of the order.

Receipent of the Legion of Honour. Following the overthrow of the Bourbons in favour of King. The Bourbon monarchy's orders were once again abolished and the. Was restored in 1830 as the paramount decoration of the French nation.

The insignia were drastically altered; the cross now displayed. In 1847, there were 47,000 members.

Yet another revolution in Paris (in 1848) brought a new republic (the second) and a new design to the. A nephew of the founder. Was elected president and he restored the image of his uncle on the crosses of the order. In 1852, the first recorded woman.

An old revolutionary of the 1789 uprising against the absolute monarchy, was admitted into the order. On 2 December 1851, President Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte staged a. With the help of the armed forces. Exactly one year later on 2 December 1852, after a successful.

An Imperial crown was added. S reign, the first American was admitted. Of the Legion of Honor, as were several US generals with the. Medal shortly after World War I, in 1919. In 1870, the defeat of the French Imperial Army in the.

Brought the end of the Empire and the creation of the. The crown was replaced by a. Was burned to the ground in fierce street combats; the archives of the order were lost.

In the second term of President. Which started in 1885, newspaper journalists brought to light the trafficking of Grévy's son-in-law, Daniel Wilson, in the awarding of decorations of the.

Grévy was not accused of personal participation in this scandal, but he was slow to accept his indirect political responsibility, which caused his eventual resignation on 2 December 1887. Some 55,000 decorations were conferred, 20,000 of which went to foreigners.

The large number of decorations resulted from the new posthumous awards authorised in 1918. Could not be awarded posthumously. In 1946 brought about the latest change in the design of the Legion of Honour. The date "1870" on the obverse was replaced by a single star. No changes were made after the establishment of the.

Evolution of the insignia of the Grand Cross of the Legion d'Honneur through Frances various governments and regimes, from the First Empire to the current Fifth Republic. The Legion of Honour is a national order of France, meaning a public incorporated body.

The Legion is regulated by a. The "Code of the Legion of Honour and of the Military Medal".

President of the French Republic. Is the Grand Master of the order, day-to-day running is entrusted to the Grand Chancery. Grande Chancellerie de la Légion d'honneur. Of the Fifth Republic, which is the insignia of the.

The collar is usually kept in the. Musée de la Legion d'Honneur.

Since the establishment of the Legion, the Grand Master of the order has always been the Emperor, King or President of France. Therefore became the Grand Master of the Legion on 14 May 2017.

The Grand Master appoints all other members of the order, on the advice of the French government. The Grand Master's insignia is the.

The President of the Republic, as Grand Master of the order, receives the Collar as part of his investiture, but the Grand Masters have not worn the Collar since. The Grand Chancery is headed by the Grand Chancellor (grand chancelier), usually a retired general, as well as the Secretary-General (secrétaire général), a civilian administrator.

Secretary-General: Julien Le Gars (since 2023). The Grand Chancery also regulates the. There are several structures funded by and operated under the authority of the Grand Chancery, like the. Maisons d'éducation de la Légion d'honneur. Musée de la Légion d'honneur.

The Legion of Honour Schools are élite boarding schools in. And Camp des Loges in the forest of. Study there is restricted to daughters, granddaughters, and great-granddaughters of members of the order, the. Lists of Légion d'honneur recipients. There are five classes in the Legion of Honour.

(Knight): minimum 20 years of public service or 25 years of professional activity with "eminent merits". (Officer): minimum 8 years in the rank of. (Commander): minimum 5 years in the rank of.

(Grand Officer): minimum 3 years in the rank of. (Grand Cross): minimum 3 years in the rank of.

The "eminent merits" required to be awarded the order require the flawless performance of one's trade as well as doing more than ordinarily expected, such as being creative, zealous and contributing to the growth and well-being of others. The order has a maximum quota of 75 Grand Cross, 250 Grand Officers, 1,250 Commanders, 10,000 Officers, and 113,425 (ordinary) Knights. The actual membership was 67 Grand Cross, 314 Grand Officers, 3,009 Commanders, 17,032 Officers and 74,384 Knights.

French military personnel involved in the. And other foreign French military operations, as well as wounded soldiers, are made independently of the quota. Members convicted of a felony. In French are automatically dismissed from the order.

Members convicted of a misdemeanour. In French can be dismissed as well, although this is not automatic. Wearing the decoration of the. Without having the right to do so is a serious offence. Of a foreign order is prohibited if that ribbon is mainly red, like the ribbon of the Legion of Honour. French military personnel in uniform must salute other military members in uniform wearing the medal, whatever the. Rank and the military rank of the bearer. This is not mandatory with the ribbon. In practice, however, this is rarely done. There is not a single, complete list of all the members of the Legion in chronological order. The number is estimated at one million, including about 2,900 Knights Grand Cross. French nationals, men and women, can be received into the. In military or civil life. In practice, in current usage, the order is conferred on entrepreneurs, high-level. Scientists, artists, including famous actors and actresses, sport. And others with connections in the.

Cannot receive the order, except for valour in war. And ministers are not allowed to nominate their accountants.

Until 2008, French nationals could only enter the Legion of Honour at the class of. To be promoted to a higher class, one had to perform new eminent services in the interest of France and a set number of years had to pass between appointment and promotion.

This was however amended in 2008 when entry became possible at Officer, Commander and Grand Officer levels, as a recognition of "extraordinary careers". Became the first person to enter the Order at Grand Officer level. Veil was a member of the.

President of the European Parliament. She was promoted to Grand Cross in 2012. Every year at least five recipients decline the award. Even if they refuse to accept it, they are still included in the order's official membership. For example, declined the award when it was offered to them.

List of foreign recipients of the Légion d'Honneur by country. List of foreign recipients of the Légion d'Honneur by decade. Is technically restricted to French nationals.

Foreign nationals who have served France or the ideals it upholds. Foreign nationals who live in France are subject to the same requirements as the French. Foreign nationals who live abroad may be awarded a distinction of any rank or dignity in the.

Foreign heads of state and their spouses or consorts of monarchs are made Grand Cross as a courtesy. American and British veterans who served in either. Or during the 1944 campaigns to liberate France. May be eligible for appointment as Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, provided they were still living when the honour was approved.

Collective appointments can be made to cities, institutions or companies. A total of 64 settlements in France have been decorated, as well as six foreign cities.

(the World War II'Stalingrad') in 1984. French towns display the decoration in their. Organisations to receive the honour include the. Abbaye de Nôtre-Dame des Dombes. Abbey of Notre-Dame des Dombes.

, the French National Railway Company. Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Français. Préfecture de Police de la Ville de Paris.

Prefecture of Police of Paris. National (Elite) Colleges and other educational establishments. Notice of posthumous award of the. To Lieutenant Robert Léon Tessier. Légion d'honneur à titre militaire.

Award for extreme bravery: the. Is awarded jointly with a. This is the top valour award in France. It is rarely awarded, mainly to soldiers who have died in battle.

Is awarded without any citation. For active-duty commissioned officers, the Legion of Honour award for service is achieved after 20 years of meritorious service, having been awarded the rank of. Bravery awards lessen the time needed for the award-in fact decorated servicemen become directly chevaliers of the. NCOs almost never achieve that award, except for the most heavily decorated service members. Collective appointments can be made to military units. In the case of a military unit, its flag is decorated with the insignia of a knight, which is a different award from the. Twenty-one schools, mainly schools providing reserve officers during the World Wars, were awarded the Légion d'Honneur. Foreign military units can be decorated with the order, such as the. The Flag or Standard of the following units was decorated with the Cross of a Knight of the Legion of Honour. 1st Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment. 112th Line Infantry Regiment French infantry regiment consisting of mostly Belgians, known as The Victors of. Régiment d'infanterie-chars de marine. (Colonial Infantry Regiment of Morocco). Book of the regiment will be fighting its most decorated emblem of the French army. The five classes wearing their respective insignia (gentlemen): 1. The order has had five levels since the reign of King Louis XVIII, who restored the order in 1815. Since the reform, the following distinctions have existed. (Knight): badge worn on left breast suspended from ribbon.

(Officer): badge worn on left breast suspended from a ribbon with a. (Commander): badge around neck suspended from ribbon necklet. (Grand Officer): badge worn on left breast suspended from a ribbon (Officer), with star displayed on right breast.

The highest level; badge affixed to sash worn over the right shoulder, with star displayed on left breast.

WW1 Frech Legion of Honour in Box RARE See Auctions Deals -NAVY VET EBAY STORE